• Stress testing a Pi...

    From The Natural Philosopher@tnp@invalid.invalid to comp.sys.raspberry-pi on Sat May 11 09:53:21 2024
    From Newsgroup: comp.sys.raspberry-pi

    Well it was always going to be a shot in the dark...:-)

    And I think I can confirm that a Pi4 cannot drive three SSDs over USB
    unaided.
    As soon as I tried to rsync a new drive as a backup, via NFS, I started
    to get disk errors. On unrelated disks...not involved in the transfer.

    The PI4 had a TV card on it that gets pretty hot so I removed that to
    reduce load on the power supply, but significantly it made *no
    difference at all*.

    I hooked up a n HDMI screen to monitor the console messages and it was
    full of disk errors of one sort or another.

    Not necessarily related to the drive in use.

    My tentative conclusion, which I would like some opinion on, is that it
    is the USB power limit that is causing the problems, not the overall
    power draw. As that would have bee relieved by removing the TV hat.

    Now as far as I can tell the total USB power available on the PI4
    equates to 1200mA.

    But on the Pi 5 that increase to 1600mA, provided you tell the board it
    has a 'high power supply'.

    I believe there is a config.txt option to do that. Even if you don't
    have the 'approved' PSU.

    So I am thinking of going to a PI 5 rather than a separately powered USB adapters for the drives - the other way to increase power to the drives.

    Or is there a better one board computer alternative?

    I want to build everything into a small 19" case with an ethernet switch
    board and OSUs to reduce clutter
    --
    Of what good are dead warriors? … Warriors are those who desire battle
    more than peace. Those who seek battle despite peace. Those who thump
    their spears on the ground and talk of honor. Those who leap high the
    battle dance and dream of glory … The good of dead warriors, Mother, is
    that they are dead.
    Sheri S Tepper: The Awakeners.
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  • From nospam.Dr..What@nospam.Dr..What@f201.n342.z1.fidonet.org (Dr. What) to The Natural Philosopher on Sat May 11 06:10:26 2024
    From Newsgroup: comp.sys.raspberry-pi

    The Natural Philosopher wrote to All <=-

    And I think I can confirm that a Pi4 cannot drive three SSDs over USB unaided.

    I found that out a long time ago when I set up my Raspberry PI4 based NAS.

    My tentative conclusion, which I would like some opinion on, is that it is the USB power limit that is causing the problems, not the overall power draw. As that would have bee relieved by removing the TV hat.

    It's the power draw.

    On other Pi projects, I used multiple flash drives and had no problems.

    But my NAS project used 2.5" SATA drives with SATA-to-USB adapters - which will certainly draw more power. And I couldn't get more than one to work directly connected. I ended up getting a powered USB hub for all 4 drives in my NAS.


    ... I tried to drown my sorrows, but they can swim.
    ___ MultiMail/Linux v0.52

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  • From Theo@theom+news@chiark.greenend.org.uk to comp.sys.raspberry-pi on Sat May 11 14:54:58 2024
    From Newsgroup: comp.sys.raspberry-pi

    The Natural Philosopher <tnp@invalid.invalid> wrote:
    So I am thinking of going to a PI 5 rather than a separately powered USB adapters for the drives - the other way to increase power to the drives.

    Or is there a better one board computer alternative?

    I want to build everything into a small 19" case with an ethernet switch
    board and OSUs to reduce clutter

    If you want a Pi5 NAS, this looks like a good option:

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l30sADfDiM8

    Key part is the Radxa PCIe to 5x SATA HAT: https://arace.tech/products/radxa-penta-sata-hat-up-to-5x-sata-disks-hat-for-raspberry-pi-5

    (For 3.5" drives, there are cables so you can mount them away from the
    board. USB HDD often have a SATA connector inside if you remove the
    case)

    Theo
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  • From The Natural Philosopher@tnp@invalid.invalid to comp.sys.raspberry-pi on Sat May 11 15:17:41 2024
    From Newsgroup: comp.sys.raspberry-pi

    On 10/05/2024 18:10, Dr. What wrote:
    The Natural Philosopher wrote to All <=-

    TNP> And I think I can confirm that a Pi4 cannot drive three SSDs over USB
    TNP> unaided.

    I found that out a long time ago when I set up my Raspberry PI4 based NAS.

    TNP> My tentative conclusion, which I would like some opinion on, is that it
    TNP> is the USB power limit that is causing the problems, not the overall
    TNP> power draw. As that would have bee relieved by removing the TV hat.

    It's the power draw.

    That is ambiguous.
    USB power draw or total power draw?



    On other Pi projects, I used multiple flash drives and had no problems.

    But my NAS project used 2.5" SATA drives with SATA-to-USB adapters - which will
    certainly draw more power. And I couldn't get more than one to work directly connected. I ended up getting a powered USB hub for all 4 drives in my NAS.

    Two work OK here. Just not three.

    Remember all drives are not created equal consumption wise.



    ... I tried to drown my sorrows, but they can swim.
    ___ MultiMail/Linux v0.52

    --
    “It is dangerous to be right in matters on which the established
    authorities are wrong.”

    ― Voltaire, The Age of Louis XIV

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  • From The Natural Philosopher@tnp@invalid.invalid to comp.sys.raspberry-pi on Sat May 11 16:42:54 2024
    From Newsgroup: comp.sys.raspberry-pi

    On 11/05/2024 14:54, Theo wrote:
    The Natural Philosopher <tnp@invalid.invalid> wrote:
    So I am thinking of going to a PI 5 rather than a separately powered USB
    adapters for the drives - the other way to increase power to the drives.

    Or is there a better one board computer alternative?

    I want to build everything into a small 19" case with an ethernet switch
    board and OSUs to reduce clutter

    If you want a Pi5 NAS, this looks like a good option:

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l30sADfDiM8

    Key part is the Radxa PCIe to 5x SATA HAT: https://arace.tech/products/radxa-penta-sata-hat-up-to-5x-sata-disks-hat-for-raspberry-pi-5

    (For 3.5" drives, there are cables so you can mount them away from the
    board. USB HDD often have a SATA connector inside if you remove the
    case)

    That may be an option all right - it takes external 12V which I can
    probably supply.
    And there is one for a Pi 4...
    --
    It is the folly of too many to mistake the echo of a London coffee-house
    for the voice of the kingdom.

    Jonathan Swift


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  • From Theo@theom+news@chiark.greenend.org.uk to comp.sys.raspberry-pi on Sat May 11 17:18:10 2024
    From Newsgroup: comp.sys.raspberry-pi

    The Natural Philosopher <tnp@invalid.invalid> wrote:
    On 11/05/2024 14:54, Theo wrote:
    The Natural Philosopher <tnp@invalid.invalid> wrote:
    So I am thinking of going to a PI 5 rather than a separately powered USB >> adapters for the drives - the other way to increase power to the drives. >>
    Or is there a better one board computer alternative?

    I want to build everything into a small 19" case with an ethernet switch >> board and OSUs to reduce clutter

    If you want a Pi5 NAS, this looks like a good option:

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l30sADfDiM8

    Key part is the Radxa PCIe to 5x SATA HAT: https://arace.tech/products/radxa-penta-sata-hat-up-to-5x-sata-disks-hat-for-raspberry-pi-5

    (For 3.5" drives, there are cables so you can mount them away from the board. USB HDD often have a SATA connector inside if you remove the
    case)

    That may be an option all right - it takes external 12V which I can
    probably supply.
    And there is one for a Pi 4...

    I think the Radxa Pi4 one was released just before all the supply chain
    mayhem when nobody could buy Pi 4s - I think they discontinued it so I'm
    not sure it's actually available right now. On the Pi 4 you have to use USB rather than PCIe, unless using a Compute Module (when you lose USB3).

    I'd expect PCIe to be more stable under load than USB. They use a JMB585
    PCIe to SATA chip which isn't enterprise grade but seems to work well
    enough. Since Pi5 doesn't lose USB3, you can get 2.5G networking via a $10
    USB adapter, rather than Jeff's odd PCIe switch.

    The Pi4 was just a bit compromised for this use case IMO, but it looks like
    the Pi5 plus this HAT gets most things right.

    Theo
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  • From Pancho@Pancho.Jones@proton.me to comp.sys.raspberry-pi on Sat May 11 17:22:30 2024
    From Newsgroup: comp.sys.raspberry-pi

    On 11/05/2024 09:53, The Natural Philosopher wrote:
    Well it was always going to be a shot in the dark...:-)

    And I think I can confirm that a Pi4 cannot drive three SSDs over USB unaided.
    As soon as I tried to rsync a new drive as a backup, via NFS, I started
    to get disk errors. On unrelated disks...not involved in the transfer.

    The PI4 had a TV card on it that gets pretty hot so I removed that to
    reduce load on the power supply, but significantly it made *no
    difference at all*.

    I hooked up a n HDMI screen to monitor the console messages and it was
    full of disk errors of one sort or another.

    Not necessarily related to the drive in use.

    My tentative conclusion, which I would like some opinion on, is that it
    is the USB power limit that is causing the problems, not the overall
    power draw. As that would have bee relieved by removing the TV hat.

    Now as far as I can tell the total USB power available on the PI4
    equates to 1200mA.

    But on the Pi 5 that increase to 1600mA, provided you tell the board it
    has a 'high power supply'.


    1600mA isn't that much more than 1200mA. There is quite a difference in
    the power requirements of different SSDs. Kingston A400 drives have a
    max wattage of about 1.5 watts. Some other SSD drives quote up to 5
    watts. NVME drives even more.

    So If I were you, I would want to understand the drives you have, know
    their power consumption, before making a decision.

    FWIW, I only have one USB SSD running off an unpowered cable. The
    additional drives use a secondary power supply, but I use spinning HDDs
    as well as SSDs, so I needed to.

    Also, the Pi 5 is a great computer, so worth buying just for fun. You'll
    find something to use it for.


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  • From Chris Green@cl@isbd.net to comp.sys.raspberry-pi on Sat May 11 17:57:41 2024
    From Newsgroup: comp.sys.raspberry-pi

    Theo <theom+news@chiark.greenend.org.uk> wrote:
    The Natural Philosopher <tnp@invalid.invalid> wrote:
    So I am thinking of going to a PI 5 rather than a separately powered USB adapters for the drives - the other way to increase power to the drives.

    Or is there a better one board computer alternative?

    I want to build everything into a small 19" case with an ethernet switch
    board and OSUs to reduce clutter

    If you want a Pi5 NAS, this looks like a good option:

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l30sADfDiM8

    I don't see a Pi as the ideal NAS. Yes, it can make one but there are
    better solutions. A Pi has other, better, uses.

    My NAS solution is something like a Fujitsu Esprimo Q556 or Q957,
    power consumption is similar to a Pi 4 or Pi 5 and it comes in a case
    that can accomodate an M2 drive and two 2.5" drives. The power supply
    is in the case with it. ...and it's still pretty compact.
    --
    Chris Green
    ·
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  • From The Natural Philosopher@tnp@invalid.invalid to comp.sys.raspberry-pi on Sun May 12 01:57:25 2024
    From Newsgroup: comp.sys.raspberry-pi

    On 11/05/2024 17:22, Pancho wrote:
    On 11/05/2024 09:53, The Natural Philosopher wrote:
    Well it was always going to be a shot in the dark...:-)

    And I think I can confirm that a Pi4 cannot drive three SSDs over USB
    unaided.
    As soon as I tried to rsync a new drive as a backup, via NFS, I
    started to get disk errors. On unrelated disks...not involved in the
    transfer.

    The PI4 had a TV card on it that gets pretty hot so I removed that to
    reduce load on the power supply, but significantly it made *no
    difference at all*.

    I hooked up a n HDMI screen to monitor the console messages and it was
    full of disk errors of one sort or another.

    Not necessarily related to the drive in use.

    My tentative conclusion, which I would like some opinion on, is that
    it is the USB power limit that is causing the problems, not the
    overall power draw. As that would have bee relieved by removing the TV
    hat.

    Now as far as I can tell the total USB power available on the PI4
    equates to 1200mA.

    But on the Pi 5 that increase to 1600mA, provided you tell the board
    it has a 'high power supply'.


    1600mA isn't that much more than 1200mA. There is quite a difference in
    the power requirements of different SSDs. Kingston A400 drives have a
    max wattage of about 1.5 watts. Some other SSD drives quote up to 5
    watts. NVME drives even more.

    So If I were you, I would want to understand the drives you have, know
    their power consumption, before making a decision.

    I did quite a lot of research before picking the drives that I did

    FWIW, I only have one USB SSD running off an unpowered cable. The
    additional drives use a secondary power supply, but I use spinning HDDs
    as well as SSDs, so I needed to.

    Also, the Pi 5 is a great computer, so worth buying just for fun. You'll find something to use it for.

    Indeed. That was my thought. I could use it as another media driver for
    the now redundant TVs (redundant because I have watched and/or recorded
    all the repeats of all the shows I missed when working for a living, and
    wall to wall propaganda and adverts is all that is left ...) and stick
    high definition audio on it to play my music


    --
    "It is an established fact to 97% confidence limits that left wing conspirators see right wing conspiracies everywhere"

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  • From The Natural Philosopher@tnp@invalid.invalid to comp.sys.raspberry-pi on Sun May 12 01:59:57 2024
    From Newsgroup: comp.sys.raspberry-pi

    On 11/05/2024 17:57, Chris Green wrote:
    Fujitsu Esprimo Q556

    Nice idea, but the plan is to reduce box count by integrating everything
    into one case, and so I need a small footprint board level device like a Pi.
    --
    “Those who can make you believe absurdities, can make you commit atrocities.”

    ― Voltaire, Questions sur les Miracles à M. Claparede, Professeur de Théologie à Genève, par un Proposant: Ou Extrait de Diverses Lettres de
    M. de Voltaire

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  • From Chris Green@cl@isbd.net to comp.sys.raspberry-pi on Sun May 12 10:32:32 2024
    From Newsgroup: comp.sys.raspberry-pi

    The Natural Philosopher <tnp@invalid.invalid> wrote:
    On 11/05/2024 17:57, Chris Green wrote:
    Fujitsu Esprimo Q556

    Nice idea, but the plan is to reduce box count by integrating everything into one case, and so I need a small footprint board level device like a Pi.

    But that's what is so good about the Fujitsu Esprimo Q556, it does get everything in one case. You need no external power supply and you
    need no external disk drives. You can even get a CD/DVD reader in
    there if you want. It's all in a box 18cm x 18cm x 6cm (approx).
    --
    Chris Green
    ·
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